Archivematica 1.11.2 is a legacy release, and these documents are no longer being maintained.

Manually Installing Archivematica on Ubuntu

Archivematica packages are hosted at as a central place to store packages for multiple operating systems. Packages for both Ubuntu 16.04 and 18.04 are available.


Manual installation using packages on Ubuntu is not officially supported. Please see Instructions for new installation.

On this page

Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial) and Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic) installation instructions

  1. Use these commands to install the repositories:

    Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial):

    sudo wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] xenial main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list'
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] xenial main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list'

    Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic):

    sudo wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] bionic main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list'
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] bionic main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list'
  2. Add Elasticsearch package source (optional). Elasticsearch comes from its own package repository.


    Skip this step if you are planning to run Archivematica without Elasticsearch.

    wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -
    echo "deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-6.x.list
  3. Update to the most recent OS release. This step will also fetch a list of the software from the package repositories you just added to your system.

    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get -y upgrade
  4. Install some needed packages

    sudo apt-get install -y htop ntp apt-transport-https unzip openjdk-8-jre-headless
  5. Install Elasticsearch (optional)


    Skip this step if you are planning to run Archivematica in indexless mode (without Elasticsearch).

    sudo apt-get install -y elasticsearch
  6. Install the Storage Service package.

    sudo apt-get install -y archivematica-storage-service
  7. Configure the Storage Service.

    sudo rm -f /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
    sudo ln -sf /etc/nginx/sites-available/storage /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/storage
  8. Update pip. This is used to install Python dependencies for both the Storage Service and the Dashboard. This step is optional on Ubuntu 16.04, but is still a good idea to get the most recent version of pip.

    wget -O - | sudo python -
  9. Install the Archivematica packages. The order of installation is important - the archivematica-mcp-server package must be installed before the dashboard package. While it is possible to install the archivematica-mcp-client package on a separate machine, that configuration is not documented in these instructions.

    The archivematica-mcp-server package will install MySQL and configure the database used by Archivematica. Depending on the version of MySQL that is installed, the interfaces that you see may differ slightly.

    When you are prompted to create a password for the archivematica-mcp-server, you must use demo as the password during the install process. The password can be changed after the installation is complete.

    sudo apt-get install -y archivematica-mcp-server
    sudo apt-get install -y archivematica-dashboard
    sudo apt-get install -y archivematica-mcp-client
  10. Configure the Archivematica components (optional). There are a number of environment variables that Archivematica recognizes which can be used to alter how it is configured. For the full list, see the Dashboard install README, the MCPClient install README, and the MCPServer install README.


    If you are planning on running Archivematica in indexless mode (i.e. without Elasticsearch), then modify the relevant systemd EnvironmentFile files by adding lines that set the relevant environment variables to false:

    sudo sh -c 'echo "ARCHIVEMATICA_DASHBOARD_DASHBOARD_SEARCH_ENABLED=false" >> /etc/default/archivematica-dashboard'
    sudo sh -c 'echo "ARCHIVEMATICA_MCPSERVER_MCPSERVER_SEARCH_ENABLED=false" >> /etc/default/archivematica-mcp-server'
    sudo sh -c 'echo "ARCHIVEMATICA_MCPCLIENT_MCPCLIENT_SEARCH_ENABLED=false" >> /etc/default/archivematica-mcp-client'
  11. Configure the dashboard.

    sudo ln -sf /etc/nginx/sites-available/dashboard.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/dashboard.conf
  12. Start Elasticsearch (optional).


    Skip this step if you are planning to run Archivematica in indexless mode (without Elasticsearch).

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload
    sudo service elasticsearch restart
    sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch
  13. Start the remaining services

    sudo service clamav-freshclam restart
    sleep 120s
    sudo service clamav-daemon start
    sudo service gearman-job-server restart
    sudo service archivematica-mcp-server start
    sudo service archivematica-mcp-client restart
    sudo service archivematica-storage-service start
    sudo service archivematica-dashboard restart
    sudo service nginx restart
    sudo systemctl enable fits-nailgun
    sudo service fits-nailgun start

    If you have trouble with the gearman or clamav command try restarting it:

    sudo service gearman-job-server restart
    sudo service clamav-daemon restart
  14. Configure your firewall (if applicable)

    On Ubuntu, the default firewall configuration tool is ufw (Uncomplicated Firewall). To see the firewall status, enter:

    sudo ufw status

    If ufw is active, you must ensure that it is not blocking the ports used by the dashboard and the Storage Service, i.e., 80 and 8000.

    sudo ufw allow 22/tcp
    sudo ufw allow 80/tcp
    sudo ufw allow 8000/tcp
    sudo ufw reload
  15. Complete Post Install Configuration.

Post-install configuration

After successfully completing a new installation, follow these steps to complete the configuration of your new server.

  1. The Storage Service runs as a separate web application from the Archivematica dashboard. The Storage Service is exposed on port 8000 by default for Ubuntu package installs. Use your web browser to navigate to the Storage Service at the IP address of the machine you have been installing on, e.g., http://<MY-IP-ADDR>:8000 (or http://localhost:8000 or if this is a local development setup).

    If you are using an IP address or fully-qualified domain name instead of localhost, you will need to configure your firewall rules and allow access only to ports 80 and 8000 for Archivematica usage.

  2. The Storage Service has its own set of users. Add at least one administrative user:

    sudo -u archivematica bash -c " \
        set -a -e -x
        source /etc/default/archivematica-storage-service || \
            source /etc/sysconfig/archivematica-storage-service \
                || (echo 'Environment file not found'; exit 1)
        cd /usr/lib/archivematica/storage-service
        /usr/share/archivematica/virtualenvs/archivematica-storage-service/bin/python createsuperuser

    After you have created this user an API key will be generated that will connect the Archivematica pipeline to the Storage Service API. Click edit to see the new user’s details. The API key will be found at the bottom of the page. Copy this to your clipboard as it will be used later on in the post-installation configuration.


    It is recommended that you also modify the test user and change the default password. This will also result in a new API key for the test user but that does not need to be copied to the clipboard in this instance.

  3. To finish the installation, use your web browser to navigate to the Archivematica dashboard using the IP address of the machine on which you have been installing, e.g., http://<MY-IP-ADDR>:80 (or http://localhost:80 or if this is a local development setup).

  4. At the Welcome page, create an administrative user for the Archivematica pipeline by entering the organization name, the organization identifier, username, email, and password.

  5. On the next screen, connect your pipeline to the Storage Service by entering the Storage Service URL and username, and by pasting in the API key that you copied in Step (2).

    • If the Storage Service and the Archivematica dashboard are installed on the same machine, then you should supply as the Storage Service URL at this screen.
    • If the Storage Service and the Archivematica dashboard are installed on different nodes (servers), then you should use the IP address or fully-qualified domain name of your Storage Service instance, e.g., http://<MY-IP-ADDR>:8000 and you must ensure that any firewall rules (i.e., iptables, ufw, AWS security groups, etc.) are configured to allow requests from your dashboard IP to your Storage Service IP on the appropriate port.

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